One only on rotting log in stream bed.
Under coast live oak and bay.
On old alder stump.
On bark of large willow tree. 2nd photo is the underside.
On twig under grand fir and doug fir, with bands of dark pycnidia.
On twig under grand fir and doug fir, with black pycnidia on margins.
On bark of Douglas fir, with white soralia, about a mile from the Pacific.
Frost (?) rings of Hypogymnia.
Ascomycota is a Division/Phylum of the kingdom Fungi that, together with the Basidiomycota, form the subkingdom Dikarya. Its members are commonly known as the sac fungi. They are the largest phylum of Fungi, with over 64,000 species. The defining feature of this fungal group is the "ascus" (from Greek: ἀσκός (askos), meaning "sac" or "wineskin"), a microscopic sexual structure in which nonmotile spores, called ascospores, are formed. However, some species of the Ascomycota are asexual, meaning...